The Vagina is held up in place by a complex network that comprises of muscles and tissue. This network is a strong network but is prone to weakness over the years, and may become visible and uncomfortable when a woman enters her senior years.
Because this is a network that supports not just the vagina but several other organs as well, there are several types of vaginal prolapse.
Types Of Vaginal Prolapse
The back wall of the vagina becomes weak and pushes against the rectum, thereby causing a bulge.
Here, the front wall of the vagina becomes weak, thereby leading to the bladder falling forward into the vagina.
Predominantly a byproduct of a hysterectomy, because of the removal of the uterus – which otherwise supports the upper portion of the vagina.
Vaginal Vault Prolapse
like the enterocele, this mainly occurs after a hysterectomy when the uterus, which supports the vagina, is removed.
Causes of Vaginal Prolapse
Vaginal prolapse is a very common condition that is experienced at some point in life in almost half the population of women in the world. The main causes for a prolapse are:
When a woman attains menopause, the estrogen levels in her body come plummeting. Estrogen hormone is responsible for the tightness and support of the complex network that supports the entire pelvic floor. With the declining levels of estrogen, the strong supporting network tends to weaken, leading to a prolapse.
The removal of the uterus which supports the upper portion of the vagina results in the vagina slipping down into itself.
Although childbirth is another reason for a vaginal prolapse, the symptoms and the condition itself do not appear until a woman is well into her 40s. This is especially a cause when women give birth to several children because there is extra wearing and tearing of the supporting network.
Apart from these three main causes, there are other factors such as old age, obesity, problems with the nervous system, surgery of the pelvis and even overexertion during physical exercise that can lead to a vaginal prolapse.
Symptoms Of A Vaginal Prolapse
General symptoms include a feeling of pressure in the vagina that is relieved when lying supine, pain during sexual intercourse, a prominent bulge at the vaginal opening and recurrent UTIs (urinary tract infections).
Depending on the type of vaginal prolapse, symptoms may also include difficulty emptying the bladder, incontinence, constipation, protrusions of the front or back walls of the vagina.
In some cases, it is noted that women do not exhibit any symptoms.
Do not wait for the symptoms to become unbearable or very uncomfortable before seeing a doctor about it.
Treatment Of Vaginal Prolapse
Treatment of a vaginal prolapse is usually surgery; however, this option is not viable for all women. Usually, those who are sexually active opt for this method of treatment.
Women who are not sexually active prefer the non-invasive method of treatment. However, this is a possible course of action only if the prolapse is not severe.
Another determining factor is the type of prolapse.
Women who cannot undergo surgery can opt for the non-invasive procedure.
Kegel exercises help a reasonable amount if the condition is not severe.
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