Cancer occurring in the testes (testicles), located within the scrotum (a loose pouched skin beneath the penis) is known as testicular cancer. Cancer usually occurs in one testis only.
Testes play an important role in male reproductive system as these produce male sex hormones and sperms for reproduction. Though, it is rare as compared to other forms of cancer, but is the most common cancer amongst American male with ages between 15 and 34. Testicular cancer is absolutely treatable, even if cancer spreads beyond the testicle.
The treatment may vary depending upon the stage and form of testicular cancer. Still, regular examination of testicles is recommended, for early identification of the cancerous growth, generating the highest success of the treatment.
Understanding Signs Of Testicular Cancer
The major symptoms of testicular cancer include enlargement or lump formation in either testicle, a dull ache in the groin or abdomen, heaviness of the scrotum, collection of fluid in scrotum, discomfort and pain in scrotum or a testicle, and tenderness or enlargement of the breasts.
Risk Factors Of Testicular Cancer
The testes are formed during foetal development in the abdominal area and then descend into scrotum, before birth. But in birth defect, cryptorchidism, testes never descend into the scrotum and such undescended testicles are at higher risk of testicular cancer.
The risk still exists, even if testicle has been relocated to scrotum, surgically. But, majority of men with testicular cancer do not show any history of undescended testicles.
Abnormal Development of Testicle
Disorders, like Klinefleter’s syndrome can increase the risk of testicular cancer as under such medical conditions, testicles develop abnormally, with high probability of developing the cancer.
Family History, Age and Race
Those with a family history of testicular cancer are at a higher risk of the disease. Testicular cancer is seen to be more common in boys, in their teens and younger men, majorily ones within age group 15 to 34. But it may occur at any age. White men are known to have an increased risk of testicular cancer than black men.
There are no measures to prevent the testicular cancer, but doctor recommend to undergo self examination of testicles to identify the cancer at the earliest.
Self Examination of Testicular Cancer
A good time for testicle examination is during a shower or warm bath. The warm heat of water relaxes the scrotum and one can easily observe anything unusual, if present. Look into the mirror and observe for any swelling over the scrotum skin.
Then examine each testis, using middle and index fingers under the testicle and putting thumb on the top surface. Gently roll each testicle between the fingers and thumb and observe for any changes. Usually the testicle is oval shaped, smooth and a little firm. There could be a chance of having one testicle larger than other, but this is quite normal.
Regular self examination will enable one to recognize any unusual changes that can be a cause of concern. One can feel swelling, lumps or hardness of testicle, testi
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