Prostate cancer is a cancer found in men. It begins in the prostate gland. The prostate gland is a small walnut shaped gland that forms a part of a man’s reproductive system.
It is found close to the urethra, the tube that generally carries the urine out of the body. This cancer is said to be highly common in men over the age of 75. Let us now examine some of the causes and symptoms of prostate cancer.
Causes of Prostate Cancer
It has been seen that African American men remain the single largest race for showing higher incidences of this disease. So if you belong to the African American race, your chances of developing the cancer are significantly higher.
A family history of prostate cancer automatically puts you at risk for developing the cancer. Of course if you are careful and lead a healthy and stress free lifestyle, the risk is considerably averted.
People working in heavy industries where they are exposed to radiation or a large number of toxins and chemicals are likely to develop this cancer. It has been seen that men exposed to cadmium show a higher risk of developing prostate cancer.
Older men above the age of 65 have a higher propensity to develop prostate cancer.
The reasons for this are not very clear but an enlarged prostate which is very common in older men can sometimes develop cancerous tumours.
Obesity and a High Fat Diet
A diet that is extremely rich and has a high fat content can make a man develop prostate cancer. Physical inactivity and obesity can sometimes compound the problem.
Symptoms Of Prostate Cancer
One of the most marked symptoms of prostate cancer is urinary incontinence. This occurs when an extremely large tumour in the prostate gland starts pressing down upon the bladder and the urethra, causing a small amount of urine to leak out.
Blood In The Semen And Urine
Signs of blood in the urine and semen can indicate presence of cancerous tumours in the prostate gland. Of course this is not entirely conclusive and needs to be ascertained by a urologist first.
Pain During Ejaculation
Experiencing sexual difficulties like pain during ejaculation can be a very traumatic experience for a man.
Usually men suffering from prostate cancer or enlarged prostates suffer from this symptom.
Difficulties in Urination
A profound difficulty in urination is experienced by patients of prostate cancer. This includes pain and a burning sensation while passing urine. The man may also suffer from frequent urination owing to problems associated with the urethra and the bladder.
Tumours or Lumps in the Prostate Gland
When a man begins to experience any of the above symptoms, the doctor usually performs a blood test and an x-ray to check for the presence of lumps and tumours.
These are then further examined to check for the presence of cancerous cells. Once cancer is confirmed, necessary treatment in the form of chemotherapy and radiation is carried out.
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