Bladder infection is one of the main infections of the urinary tract infections. These infections affect both men and women but the causes of infection in men and women may vary.
The common symptoms of bladder infections in men include frequent urination, burning sensation while urinating, foul odor and blood in urine, incomplete urination and pain around the rectal area while urinating.
Bladder infections can be caused due to several reasons including poor hygiene, unprotected sex, bacteria, weak immune system, kidney stones, prostate related problems, and sexually transmitted diseases. It is important to understand the reason behind bladder infections, as they may help in the diagnosis and treatment of the bladder infection.
Different Causes of Bladder Infections in Men
Lack of Hygiene
Lack of hygiene is one of the main causes of bladder infections in men. Bacteria thrives the most in the unhygienic part of the body. So, when proper hygiene is not maintained, different urinary tract infections develop including bladder infections. Different bacteria from intestines can also cause bladder infections in men.
Unprotected Anal Sex
Unprotected sex, especially anal sex can cause bladder infections. The bacteria residing in the bowel often multiplies and reaches the bladder causing bladder infection. These bacteria may not cause problems of the bowels but can lead to bladder infections.
Partial Emptying of the Bladder
Many times, men fail to empty the bladder completely, which leads to bladder infections.
If the bladder does not get emptied fully while urinating, some amount of urine tends to remain inside the bladder, which gradually creates an environment where bacteria multiplies and causes bladder infections.
Kidney or Bladder Stones
Kidney or bladder stones often carry bacteria that may also cause bladder infections. Sometimes, these stones may cause blockages that cause problems in urinating and pooling of the urine that can also lead to bladder infections.
Weak Immune System
A weak immune system is also one of the causes of bladder infection in men. It may be due to some other severe health problem such as cancer that may require chemotherapy treatments, which can weaken the immune system of a person and cause frequent bladder infections.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Bladder infections in men can also be caused due to many sexually transmitted diseases such as Chlamydia and gonorrhea. These diseases cause many urinary tract infections, mostly in the urethra but many other parts of the urinary tract such as the bladder.
Narrowed urethra is one of the main causes of a bladder infection. A narrowed urethra can result from a surgery, diseases, infection, or insertion of catheter, which increases the chances of bladder infections.
Prostate Related Problems
Prostate gland related problems like prostatitis or infections may also cause bladder infections.
Sometimes, the abnormal enlargement of the prostate can cause urinary problems as it presses the urethra and decreases the flow of urine from the body. This leads the urine to accumulate in the bladder that creates a favorable environment for the multiplication of bacteria, which causes bladder infection.