Teenage is a phase where you experience a lot of changes in life, one of the most important things include menarche, the first period. A number of teenage girls get their first period in their teenage that may not come regularly every month.
You may experience a lot of mood swings, lethargy, fatigue and weakness during the missed or irregular periods. There could be a number of reasons such as weight gain or severe weight loss, stress, pregnancy, chronic illness or any strenuous exercise that may lead to irregular periods. It is recommended to consult a doctor and get yourself checked up thoroughly to understand an appropriate treatment for irregular periods.
Common Causes of Irregular Periods in Teenagers
Obesity is one of the main causes of irregular periods in teenagers. The excessive fat cells that get accumulated in the body due to obesity can interfere with timely ovulation each month and eventually result in skipped or irregular periods.
Polycystic ovary syndrome, commonly known as PCOS is also an important cause that often causes irregular periods in teenagers. Initially, people are not aware of this cause but gradually when other symptoms like unwanted facial hair growth or thinning hairline occurs then it becomes clearer that PCOS may be a significant factor that could lead to irregular periods.
If you notice any of these symptoms such as unwanted hair growth or excessive weight gain then you may need to consult the doctor as they may be the symptoms of PCOS that are causing problems in your regular periods.
Pregnancy could also lead to irregular periods. This is one of the main causes of irregular periods among women of various ages. Among women of different age groups, there are at least 800,000 teenage girls who get pregnant every year, which makes pregnancy a top cause of concern in terms of irregular periods among teenagers.
In addition, there are many teenagers who experience irregular periods due to contraceptive or birth control pills. You may also experience this problem due to the intake of abortion pills.
Chronic illnesses like diabetes, sickle disease, Crohn’s disease, celiac disease or cystic disease can also lead to irregular periods in teenagers. Some of the medicines used in these diseases may cause various side effects that can lead to irregular periods in teenagers. When consulting the doctor about this problem, make sure that you let your doctor know about all the medications that you may be taking as it will help in the treatment.
Endocrine problems like too high or too low levels of thyroid hormone in the body can also cause irregular periods.
Strenuous exercises may also lead to irregular periods. Body fat plays an important role in regulating the menstrual periods. Sometimes strenuous exercises can cause low level of body fat that can result in skipped or irregular periods.
Different problems associated with ovary can also lead to irregular periods. In these problems the ovaries fail to produce significant amount of estrogen required for normal periods. This may be linked to genetic issues or due to certain treatments with chemotherapy or radiation.