Though estrogen is considered to be the primary hormone in a female, a lot of women still suffer from low levels of estrogen. Estrogen is required for the well being of a woman in day to day life and plays a significant role in conceiving and child birth. Low levels of estrogen can lead to several medical conditions such as hot flashes, fatigue and problems in conceiving a child.
To be able to combat several symptoms and risks associated with low levels of estrogen, it is essential to understand various causes of low estrogen levels in a female. In addition to menopause, there are many other important causes that can lead to low estrogen levels such as hysterectomy, lifestyle issues, excessive exercise, exposure to extreme radiation or even eating disorders can pose many health complications in the long run.
Important Causes For Low Levels Of Estrogen In Women
Menopause is one of the most important causes of low estrogen in women. During the perimenopause period, the ovaries begin to slow down the production of estrogen in the body and follows during menopause as well as post menopause phases. It often leads to restlessness and fatigue.
Exposure To Radiation
When a woman is exposed to radiations like chemotherapy, it affects the functions of endocrine glands. This in turn causes acute hormonal imbalances that often cause low levels of estrogen in the body. It is primarily caused after being exposed to the radiation for a very long time. In many cases, even if the exposure to the radiation comes to an end, the body often needs a lot of time to restore its hormonal balance.
Hysterectomy is yet another significant cause of low levels of estrogen in women. It’s a surgery that involves the removal of the uterus, either partially or completely. In the partial hysterectomy, uterus is removed but ovaries remain as it is.
However, in the complete hysterectomy, uterus along with both ovaries as well as the fallopian tubes is removed. This causes an induced state of menopause in a woman, which leads to low production of estrogen in the body.
Lifestyle issues are also known to cause low levels of estrogen in the body. Some of the most common lifestyle problems that lead to low estrogen include alcoholism, smoking, stress and rigorous workouts. Also, a lot of women skip meals and opt for rigorous exercise, which eventually causes imbalance between rest and nutrition. This unhealthy lifestyle leads to gradual deficiency of estrogen in the body.
Affected Endocrine Glands
Many times, various medical conditions adversely affect the thyroid as well as the pituitary glands that affect the production of estrogen in a female body. When pituitary gland fails to work effectively, then it causes problems in the smooth transferring of the chemical signals to ovaries for the production of estrogen.
Genetic disorders like polycystic ovary syndrome, Turner’s syndrome and ovarian cancer also lead to low levels of estrogen in the body. When mother or other women in the immediate family is known to suffer from any genetic disorder, then it often descends on the women of the same family and causes low levels of estrogen.