Many couples look for permanent birth control options to avoid the risk of unwanted pregnancy. It is also known as the permanent infertility as it brings an end to the opportunity to conceive again. Permanent birth control options include both surgical as well as non-surgical methods.
Those people who are completely sure of their decision of not having any or more kids often opt for permanent birth control options. Before you decide on opting for any one of the available permanent birth control methods, make sure you thoroughly understand the pros and cons of every option. Also, think about your health, how frequent you and your partner have sex, possible side effects and your level of comfort in using the birth control option.
Most Common Permanent Birth Control Options
Tubal ligation is one of the most popular options for permanent birth control. It is a surgical method that is used to sterilize a woman. It helps her from barding the egg from traveling to her uterus. In addition, it also prevents the sperm from entering the fallopian tubes, which eventually seizes the possibility for a woman from getting pregnant as it blocks all the ways through which fertilization can take place.
The tubal ligation can be performed only in licensed hospitals and outpatient clinics. In this procedure, it is mandatory to give anesthesia to the woman who is undergoing this method of permanent birth control. This process involves few incisions in the woman’s abdomen and clipping, cutting, and cauterization of the fallopian tubes.
After this the incision is closed using few stitches. The most significant advantage of this method of permanent birth control is that it does not upset the hormones, thus it does not affect the libido, menstrual cycles or a woman’s ability to breastfeed. However, it involves regional or general anesthesia, which may cause sore throat and other minor side effects.
Implants are non-surgical methods of permanent birth control. This is less invasive alternative to the tubal ligation. This method helps in preventing a woman from conceiving by plugging up the fallopian tubes. One device each is inserted in both the fallopian tubes of a woman that builds tissue around them and thus blocks the way of entry for the sperm.
This type of hysteroscopic sterilization normally takes place in the physician’s office and does not require general anesthesia to the patients. This procedure is performed using a special catheter, which is inserted into the fallopian tubes via a woman’s vagina and uterus.
Vasectomy is also one of the most preferred permanent birth control procedures. This method is performed using a small incision in the upper portion of a man’s scrotum. The tubes responsible for carrying the sperm to the semen are cut and tied off. The incisions made during this procedure are then closed with stitches.
In this procedure, local anesthesia is given to the person being operated to numb the area. Once the surgery is performed, the person can still produce semen but would not contain sperms and cannot cause pregnancy.
Hysterectomy is the process of removing the uterus or the womb. This procedure may or may not combine the fallopian tubes removal and both or only one ovary.
The process of removing a tube and ovary is known as salpingo-oophorectomy, where as the removal of both the fallopian tubes along with the ovaries is known as bilateral salpingo-oophorectomies.