A vasectomy is considered to be a permanent method of birth control in men. A vasectomy is carried out to prevent the release of sperm in the man’s ejaculate which in turn prevents conception from occurring.
The vas deferens is a tube that transports the sperm into the man’s urethra which is then expelled with semen ejaculated from the man’s penis. While the man continues to ejaculate, the sperm is reabsorbed into the body.
It takes several months for the sperm to be reabsorbed by the body which is why men still need to take the necessary precautions. While the surgery itself is painless and complication free, some side effects are bound to occur after the surgery.
Vasectomy Side Effects
The scrotal sack feels numb immediately after the surgery. The numbness can be eased by applying cold, ice packs to the scrotum. The man will need to rest. Well fitting and supportive underwear too can give a lot of relief. The numbness eases within 24-48 hours.
Minor swelling in the scrotum is common. This happens due to the cut given in the scrotum as well as the effect of the stitches.
The swelling can be eased by ice packs and considerable rest. The man will need to take it easy for a few weeks. It takes time for the swelling to subside.
Like any typical surgery, mild post operative pain in bound to occur. The doctor may give you painkillers in case the discomfort is profound. Tenderness will continue to exist for at least a few weeks. Avoid lifting heavy weights or doing very strenuous work.
Risk of Failure
A very rare side effect and risk is the possibility of an unplanned pregnancy. This of course is rare and occurs due to the carelessness of the man or ill advice of the doctor. A pregnancy may occur if the man has not waited for a few months for his sperm count to become zero. In the meantime, unprotected intercourse may impregnate his partner.
If the procedure has been performed with expertise under sterile conditions, this complication is rare.
However infections are known to occur at the incision site or even inside the scrotum. A course of antibiotics may sort the problem.
If the vas deferens has not been sealed properly the sperm may leak outside into the tissue and form a small lump called as sperm granuloma. Surgery may be needed to remove the lump and seal the vas deferens. In most cases rest and pain medication eases the problem.
Inflammation of The Tubes
The tubes that carry the sperm from the testes may become inflamed. In such cases, a course of medicines may be prescribed though the condition is rare. Depending on the extent of pain and discomfort the doctor may also order an ultrasound.
In a majority of cases, a vasectomy is a simple and pain free procedure followed and practiced by millions of men as a permanent method of birth control. Once the semen shows zero sperm, you need not worry about using other form of birth control.
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