There are several symptoms and signs related to testicular cancer. However, there are cases where men with testicular cancer do not show any symptoms and are quite hard to diagnose. The worst case is when you exhibit the symptoms of testicular cancer without having one. There can be medical conditions leading to such symptoms like varicocele, spermatocele, hernia and hydrocele.
If you are having a testicular cancer, the testicle enlargement or a small lump on the testicles will be its first sign. You can even feel a small hard area upon your testicle which can be painful or painless. Apart from these common symptoms, there are many other symptoms that can be easily ignored by person until it spreads to regions in the body.
Self-examination of your testicles on a regular basis and a doctor’s examination can help you discover the problem at an early stage. This increases the chances of getting successfully treated. If there is any sign or symptom bothering you, do not hesitate to consult your general physician.
Signs & Symptoms Of Testicular Cancer
A painless swelling or lump may occur on either testicle. If you are successful in detecting it at an early stage, you can also detect its growth over time. At the early stage, a testicular tumour has the size of a marble or pea. In the later phase, this tumour grows larger and makes the affected testicle firmer than the other. Any lump or swelling should be immediately evaluated by a general physician.
Pain in the Testicle or Scrotum
A pain can arise from several causes like twisting, injury, infections and cancer. There are 2 main types of infections – testicle infection or orchitis and epididymis infection or epididymitis.
The small organ epididymis is located very close to the testicle. It is comprised of coiled tubes carrying the sperm cells from the testicles to the urethra. These infections can treated with antibiotics and if the given prescription of antibiotics fails to solve the problem then your doctor may ask you to perform tests for testicular cancer.
Physical Changes in Testicles
Testicular cancer may cause certain physical changes like enlargement or contraction of the testicles or a feeling of weightiness in the scrotum. Moreover, if you feel any firmness or hardness in your testicles, it may also indicate a bigger problem.
Lower abdomen pain or dull aches in your groins may also indicate the early phases of testicular cancer.
Unwanted Fluid Production
In the inception phase of testicular cancer you may even experience sudden production of fluid in your scrotum.
Hormonal imbalance caused by testicular tumours or cancer may cause tenderness or breast growth. This condition of growth of breast tissues in male body is known as gynecomastia.
There are some symptoms related to testicular cancer that may be caused by other diseases also. Shortness of breath, chest pain, bloody sputum and lower back pain are few complex symptoms of testicular cancer in its later stages. It may even cause blood clots in large vein leading to swelling of legs.