Did your gynecologist find an ovarian cyst in your pregnancy check-up this month? Do not worry, not all ovarian cysts are a threat to your health or pregnancy. An ovarian cyst is a fluid-filled sac in the ovary and a woman can have it during pregnancy or even when she is not pregnant.
Ovarian cysts may or may not cause external symptoms and in many women these are detected when they undergo routine pregnancy check-ups. But sometimes ovarian cyst s rupture, bleed or get twisted resulting in external symptoms like lowered abdominal pain localized on the side of the troublesome cyst, or abnormal discharges.
Ovarian Cyst in Early Stages of Pregnancy is Normal
Ovarian cyst during early stages of pregnancy is quite normal. In fact, corpus luteum is an ovarian cyst that is required for supporting the internal ovarian lining during early pregnancy. It does so by producing the hormone progesterone. After the first trimester (first 12 weeks of pregnancy) the corpus luteum is no longer needed and the structure regresses. The corpus luteum, also known as yellow gland, is formed in the ovarian follicle.
It is rather the remaining portion of the follicular egg after it bursts. Other kinds of cysts that do not cause any bleeding or pain are not serious and they are detected during routine pregnancy check-ups. Most of the ovarian cysts formed during pregnancy are not potential ovarian cancers. Studies have shown that about only 1-20000 cases of pregnancy ovarian cysts turned out to be ovarian cancer.
Bleeding, Pain-causing, Twisted Ovarian Cyst Requires Immediate Medical Attention
Ovarian cysts can pose a threat when they become hemorrhagic. For example, when a cystic corpus luteum becomes hemorrhagic, i.e. it starts bleeding, it poses a threat to the health of the pregnant person as well as the fetus as it results in anemia. Ovarian cysts that are ruptured or twisted cause pain or inflammation in the lower abdominal region of the affected side and these require immediate medical attention.
Causes of Ovarian Cysts during Pregnancy
Bodily vulnerability, poor eating habits or eating excessive carbohydrates and sugars, insulin resistance and incapacity to ovulate are found to be certain causal factors of ovarian cysts.
Treatment of Ovarian Cysts Found in Pregnancy
Harmless ovarian cysts are left as it is as they automatically heal without any intervention. But their progress needs to be monitored. It can be done after six weeks of delivering the baby. If the cyst is suspected to be cancerous then your gynecologist will refer you to an oncologist. But as mentioned earlier, the probability of an ovarian cyst detected during pregnancy is very low, though not completely impossible.
Problematic ovarian cysts need to be attended to immediately. Your doctor will prescribe anti-infection medicines, birth control pills or surgery( usually laparoscopy) depending upon the nature of the ovarian cyst and the symptoms that it exhibits. Occurrence of problematic ovarian cysts is pretty infrequent.
There are some basic precautions that you could take to prevent aggravation of the cysts. Drink enough water and make sure that you drink filtered water as tap water may contain chemicals that mimic adverse hormonal actions. You could also avoid usage of plastic containers in cooking or microwaving.