Are you experiencing abnormal vaginal bleeding or having abnormal pain during sexual intercourse? If so, then this requires medical attention. Even if you are not showing any of these symptoms, you can always go for a routine gynecological check up.
Though it may not be a serious disease, chances of cervical cancer cannot be ruled out. Now, you don’t have to worry much even if cervical cancer is detected because, if detected early, the disease can be treated effectively. Cervical uterine cancer, also known as cervical cancer, is a malignant growth found in the cervix( which is a neck-like structure connecting the uterus to the vagina). Cervical cancer refers to malignancy found in the cervix.
Symptoms, Diagonsis, Treatment and Prevention of Cervical Unterine Cancer
Symptoms of Cervical Cancer
Cervical cancer exhibits a number of symptoms. Abnormal vaginal bleeding or discharge of lumps (which is quite uncommon), pain during sexual intercourse, and contact bleeding are the common symptoms of cervical cancer. At times, cervical cancer can be asymptomatic, in which case it is difficult to detect it till it progresses to an advanced stage in the body. Abdominal or lung metastases may occur. Weight loss, appetite loss, back and leg pains, and vaginal discharge of urine and feces( rare), are some of the symptoms of advanced stages of cervical cancer.
Cause of Cervical Cancer
Human Pappillomavirus (HPV) infection is known to be the major reason for human cervical cancer. The variants 16 and 18 of this virus are known to be responsible for 70 % of cases of human cervical cancer, while the 31 and 45 variants are known to be responsible for 10 % of human cervical cancer.
It should be noted that though HPV infection is responsible for incidence of cervical cancer, most of the HPV do not lead to cervical cancer. HPV is transmitted to a healthy person via sexual intercourse and skin-to-skin contact. Usage of condoms can reduce the frequency of transmission of the infection, but it does not nullify the chances completely.
Diagnosis of Cervical Cancer
Cervical cancer is diagnosed by several procedures. One of the most preliminary tests is the pap smear, which is followed by biopsy( if required). Conitization and LEEP( Loop Electrical Excision Procedure) are advanced diagnostic tests for detecting cervical cancer which are performed on the detection of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia( cervical lesions).
Types of Cervical Cancer
Various types of cervical cancer have been identified. Squamous cell carcinoma( the most common type of cervical cancer), adenocarcinoma, adenosquamous carcinoma, villoglandular adenocarcinoma, small cell carcinoma, glassy cell carcinoma, and neuro endocrine tumor are all different types of human cervical cancers.
Treatment of Cervical Cancer
The treatment of cervical cancer is surgery, in the early stages. Advanced cervical cancer requires treatment by chemotherapy or radiation therapy.
Prevention of Cervical Cancer
Several preventative measures can be taken for occurrence of cervical cancer. Nutritional intake enriched with vitamins, such as Vitamin A, B vitamins, Vitamins C and E is seen to be effective in the prevention of cervical cancer.
Routine gynecological tests for cancer detection also help in detecting any pro-malignancy in the human reproductive system, and thus, averting the occurrence of any potential malignancy.
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