Fertility problems or infertility is a very distressing condition for any couple or a woman who wants to have kids of their own. Fertility problems in women may get triggered due to various factors especially related to the physical functioning of the body. However, fertility problems may also occur out of psychological distress or problems.
The reproductive process is a complex system involving a host of organs and their proper functioning which finally determines whether a woman will be able to conceive and have a healthy pregnancy or not. Whatever the reasons may be it is first important to identify fertility problems in the right way. It’s not right to jump to conclusions and think certain common problems as fertility problems nor is it right to keep ignoring infertility if the signs are actually indicating towards the same.
Therefore, it becomes mandatory that you understand the signs of fertility problems to determine whether or not your problems are serious enough to be considered for treatment.
Identifying the Signs of Fertility Problems
The role of hormones is very important in deciding the fertility problems in women. Most fertility problems have been found to have their roots in hormonal imbalances. Many psychological problems also find manifestation due to hormones being the culprit. Let us understand and identify the important hormones, their roles and how do they become the cause of fertility problems in women.
The hypothalamus gland located in the brain stimulates the secretion of Luteinizing hormone or LH by the anterior pituitary gland. The LH is extremely important for female fertility as it regulates ovulation and lack of this hormone means ovulation being disrupted thus leading to fertility problems.
Follicle Stimulating Hormone
Follicle stimulating hormone or FSH is another equally important hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary gland that has significant roles to play as well and the deficiency of this hormone leads to certain conditions like polycystic ovary which interferes with fertility.
The ovaries secrete progesterone which is responsible for various things like regulating the menstrual cycle and thickening of uterine walls for conception. Lack of progesterone will not support conception and eventually there will be a miscarriage.
You can identify hormonal imbalances through signs like growth of facial hair, fatigue, loss of hair, vaginal dryness, night flashes, weight gain, low sex drive and premenstrual syndrome.
Irregular menstruation is a common problem when you may miss periods for months which mean there are problems in ovulation.
You may have a longer or a shorter cycle frequently or there may be other associated problems with your menstruation cycle. This may be a sign of infertility which can be confirmed only by a gynecologist.
Menstrual Bleeding and Cramps
Extreme menstrual bleeding or very less bleeding may indicate underlying fertility problems. Severe menstrual cramps should also be considered for treatment.
Failing to Conceive For a Significant Period of Time
If you are trying to conceive for over a year but with no success it’s time that you must consider checking with your gynecologist to determine the actual condition. Most fertility problems can be treated or cured and many couples have become happy by having kids of their own.
Nowadays lifestyle has become such that stress levels are too high, lack of enough rest and sleep is very common and certain health factors like obesity or medical conditions may also interfere with fertility. Smoking or heavy drinking also may be indicators of fertility problems.
Diabetes, thyroid problems, hypertension and their treatments can be potential factors as well as indicators of fertility problems. You must seek doctor’s advice to successfully combat the situation.
Being overweight or very underweight are potential indicators of fertility problems. The kind of diet you take, poor diet styles and extremes of any dietary measures can affect your chances of getting pregnant.
Recurrent miscarriages may mean that even if you are getting pregnant yet you are unable to continue with the pregnancy. This is also a sign of infertility and may happen due to malformed organs or presence of fibroids.
Age is a significant reason of fertility problems. After the age of 35 women are usually left with very less ova which may not be of good quality anymore therefore fertility problems becoming almost inevitable.
Effects of cancer and STD
If you have undergone chemotherapy for cancer treatment or had sexually transmitted diseases chances are that you may suffer from fertility problems.
Infections are also significant indicators of fertility problems which are manifested through unusual vaginal discharge or smell, itching and burning sensation in genitals, pain during intercourse or pelvic pain in between periods.