If you are experiencing unpleasant vaginal discharges, intense pain in the lower abdominal region, pain and discomfiture during sexual intercourse, spotting between your menses, general fatigue, fever, severe headache, lower backache, or pain during ovulation, there are chances of your fallopian tubes (a pair of tubular structures connecting your uterus with the ovary), being infected.
However, mild infections may not exhibit overt symptoms. In any case, you should not worry, as this is a treatable condition, and will not trouble you much, if you take prompt remedial measures by visiting your gynecologist and strictly following the advice that she/he gives you regarding the matter.
Also known as salpinges, oviducts, or uterine tubes, the fallopian tubes are vulnerable to a variety of bacterial infections and/or sexually transmitted diseases, which often, result in infertility or other serious complications in the patient. The Fallopian Tube inflammation is technically termed Salpingitis or Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID).
The Fallopian tube infection diagnosis involves conducting a physical examination of the vagina and its discharges, performing blood and urine culture tests for establishing the identity of the specific organism causing the disease in you, and performing a laparoscopic surgery to confirm the disease.
Once diagnosed, the Fallopian Tube Infections are treated either by drug administration or by surgery.
Drug therapy for Salpingitis commonly involves administration of antibiotics (anti-microbial drugs that inhibit/destroy pathogenic microbes). In severe cases, the patients may be administered intravenous antibiotics such as Cefoxitin, and Doxycycline.
Metronidazole is also used in combination with Doxycycline to combat sexually transmitted infections such as Chlamydia and Gonorrhea. When the severity is moderate, your doctor may prescribe Metronidazole and Ofloxacin. The dosages vary according to the severity of the medical condition. Treatment for highly severe cases may require hospitalization.
Surgery, called Salpingectomy, is done on patients who do not respond to drug treatment and in cases where the Fallopian tube infection is complicated with the presence of other conditions such as an abscess. The surgery is done to drain the abscess or remove damaged tissue.
In cases, where the infection spreads to the uterus and/or ovaries, complicated surgeries, involving salpingo-oophorectomy (removal of one or both fallopian tubes along with the ovaries), and/or hysterectomy (removal of uterus) may be done.
You should clarify all your doubts regarding medicine administration with your physician. Before being prescribed medicines, you should make your physician aware of any ailments that you are already suffering from and the medicines that you may be consuming for those ailments. It is important for you to follow the prescribed dosages of these medicines and maintain the prescribed time schedule of these medicines, for maximum effectiveness of these medicines.
It is not advisable to miss your doses, and even if you do, you should not take the missed dosage with the current dose. At times, your doctor may advice simultaneous treatment of your sexual partner while you undergo the treatment for your fallopian tube infection, to prevent your contraction of the disease during sexual intercourse, further.