When there is an abnormal growth of cells on the cervix lining, cervical dysplasia is said to occur. Basically, it is pre-cancerous stage which many remain without producing symptoms. A mild cervical dysplasia can resolve even without intervening with any treatment procedure.
However, careful observation is necessary. Mild cervical dysplasia that remains for two years and moderate or severe cervical dysplasia usually needs treatment in order to restrict the risk of developing cervical cancer over time.
Main Treatment Options For Mild Dysplasia
As mentioned earlier, mild dysplasia can go away even without administering treatment. But if condition gets worse, treatment is essential. The following treatment options can be administered for dealing it
A persistent dysplasia or one which worsens needs thorough evaluation. Until the Pap smear screening shows normal result, testing can be needed.
Regular testing is likely to restrict the need for colposcopy, although most women need colposcopy anyway. Repeated Pap tests enable cervices to heal and reduce the need for more extensive interventions.
Carbon Dioxide Laser Photoablation
This procedure is useful in treating mild dysplasia by vaporizing the abnormal part/area. You need a local anesthetic to numb the area of treatment before undergoing laser.
Although complications generally do not occur, this process can lead to spotting and (clear) vaginal discharge for a few weeks after the laser treatment. But this method does not enable sampling of the abnormal part/area.
Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure (LEEP)
Another treatment for mild dysplasia is evaluation of the LEEP. Loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) utilizes radio-frequency for removing abnormal areas. It is a simple and inexpensive treatment procedure which can be more beneficial than many other techniques giving an intact tissue sample.
This technique demands advanced skills and equipments and can be suited for women with Pap smears showing sophisticated lesions. Side effects can appear as vaginal discharge and spotting but complications (like cervical narrowing) are not common.
Cryosurgery is commonly implemented for treating mild dysplasia. In this procedure, part of the cervix containing the dysplastic cells is frozen and the affected cells are destroyed. If the area of dysplasia is limited, biopsy can be done. Cryosurgery is not suited for large areas or for chronic abnormalities. Side effects can appear as vaginal discharge for many weeks but complications are not common.
This treatment can benefit mild dysplasia but not advanced cervical disease. Individual women can face unique cases of dysplasia requiring customized treatment measures. You must consult your doctor in order to ascertain your specific needs and treatment plan.
In order to treat mild dysplasia, the severity of the condition should be determined. For women 20 years or younger, no treatment may be administered except routine examination. Older women having mild cervical dysplasia persisting for two years may require treatment in order to avoid progression to severe dysplasia (or other medical conditions).
Before administering a treatment, it is important to assess its pros and cons with your doctor as it is likely to bring in risks like heavy bleeding and complications in pregnancy. Even after treatment, follow-up testing (repeated Pap tests or HPV DNA test) may be essential.