Pregnancy is one of the most beautiful times in a woman’s life. Finding out that you have conceived cannot be compared to any other happiness in the world. But the journey of the fetus from fertilization to birth is not an easy and smooth road. This period of nine months is fraught with dangers and risks. The failure of a pregnancy to complete the full term is known as a miscarriage.
Even more precisely, a miscarriage is known as the termination of a pregnancy before completion of the twentieth week or four and a half months. It has been commonly reported that the most number of miscarriages in early pregnancy take place in the first three months. Most of these cases occur due to abnormalities in the chromosomal structure of the fetus. It is nature’s own way of ending a life that may otherwise not have a chance to survive for too long its own.
Miscarriages can also occur due to many other reasons including strenuous activity, injuries, domestic abuse and spontaneous abortions. Some women may have a chronic reproductive problem where they are unable to carry a pregnancy to full term. In such cases the pregnancy fails despite repeated attempts. Such a problem is known as recurrent miscarriages and is classified as one of the many types of infertility problems.
This usually occurs due to an inhospitable womb or uterus that is unable to provide a conducive environment for the healthy growth of the fetus. Miscarriages can take a toll on a woman’s body. The constant fluctuation of hormone levels in the body, possible loss of blood and the pressure on the uterus is very harmful for the female body if it keeps happening again and again.
Once a woman’s pregnancy is confirmed, she must make herself aware of the factors that can pose a risk to her own health as well as the fetus. There are many common signs of a miscarriage which can be used to recognize the problem.
Early Signs & Symptoms of a Miscarriage
Here is a list of the most common signs and symptoms of a miscarriage in early pregnancy. This period is defined as the first three months of gestation.
Many women who have suffered from a miscarriage say that the first sign of the problem was a dull and throbbing pain in the lower abdominal and pelvic area which gradually gains intensity. It is very essential to never ignore pain of any sort at any time during the length of your pregnancy.
When a woman becomes pregnant, she does not have periods for those nine months. This is because the uterine lining is used as a source of nourishment for the fetus. When the fetal life is terminated due to any reason, the lining is also automatically shed out.
The body goes into overdrive in the attempt to come back to the normal pre-pregnancy state. Occasional spotting during early pregnancy is fairly common as it is a sign of implantation but any heavy bleeding that continues for more than 6 to 8 hours must be reported to the doctor.
Expulsion of Tissue Matter
In some cases, the women may also notice that the bleeding is accompanied by large chunks of tissue matter. This is fibrous and gooey. This tissue matter contains bits of the fetus itself as well as the placenta and amniotic sac.
If the pain and cramps get very severe, the patient may also experience feelings of nausea. This may sometimes be severe enough to induce vomiting and feelings of vertigo.
Frequent instances of vomiting must be reported to the doctor even if not other signs of miscarriage are present.
Low HCG Levels
If the woman has suffered from any of the above symptoms of miscarriage and has consulted a doctor immediately, a complete urine and blood analysis will be ordered. A certain hormone called HCG is produced when a woman conceives which then doubles and triples in quantity each day for the first few weeks of gestation.
A normal home pregnancy kit tests for this particular hormone when the urine is dropped into the well of the kit. When a miscarriage occurs, HCG levels start dropping very sharply within minutes. The doctor will be able to determine the situation by reading the levels of HCG very easily.
An ultrasound scan is one of the surest ways to determine a miscarriage. The sign of a spontaneous abortion is the lack of a fetal heartbeat on the screen. The heartbeat can be seen after the sixth week of pregnancy and if it cannot be detected after that, there may be a problem.