Making children could be fun for those who are blessed to have children naturally, but there are many couples who have to struggle to become parents. Infertility is a big problem among a lot of people, which makes it difficult for them to conceive even after several years of sexual intercourse.
This could occur due to a number of reasons like inconsistent ovulation, insufficient sperm count or any other medical condition. Artificial insemination helps in solving this big challenge. There are four types of artificial insemination namely, intracervical, intravaginal, intratubal and intrauterine.
The most popular type of artificial insemination is the intrauterine insemination. You need to consult your doctor who will check and suggest the most suitable type of artificial insemination for you.
Major Types of Artificial Insemination
Intracervical insemination or ICI is one of the most popular types of artificial insemination. In intracervical insemination the woman’s partner’s semen or the semen of a sperm donor is directly placed in the cervix of a woman. This works the best for those women who do not have a problem with insufficient cervical mucus or irregular ovulation.
It is relatively inexpensive and painless in nature compared to intrauterine insemination. The success of this method of conception varies from one woman to another. Some women get lucky only on the first attempt; however, others may need several treatment cycles.
Intrauterine insemination or IUI is considered to be one of the most effective types of artificial insemination. This type of artificial insemination involves inserting the sperm from a partner or the donated sperm from a sperm donor into a woman’s uterus with the help of catheter.
Before inserting the sperm, it is first washed or properly separated in the lab from semen sample, which is then directly placed into the uterus. This process is also painless like intracervical insemination and takes just a few minutes. This is more costly than the ICI but the success rate is also considerably higher as the sperm is placed quite closer into the fallopian tubes. The chances of a woman to get pregnant with IUI are almost double as compared to the ICI.
Intravaginal insemination or IVI is not a very popular type of artificial insemination. In this type of artificial insemination the sperm is taken in the syringe from the container filled with sperm of the woman’s partner or from the sperm donor and is injected in the vagina. This can be done by individuals as well and does not require any doctor’s help, which is why this insemination type is also referred as self-insemination. It helps those couples who may face the problems of proper ejaculation while having sexual intercourse.
Intratubal insemination or ITI is a type of artificial insemination in which the sperm is inserted in the fallopian tubes of a woman.
It is considered to be a good option for those women who have problems such as inconsistent ovulation or insufficient cervical mucus. This type of insemination is divided into two types namely the intra-fallopian insemination or IFI and intraperitoneal inseminations or IPI.