Urethritis can be defined as an infection of the urethra. The urethra is a narrow and long pipe that carries the urine out of the body. It connects the urinary bladder and the penis (in case of men).
Any swelling, pain or other type of discomfort in this particular pipe is referred to as urethritis. This area is a great breeding ground for germs and microorganisms due to the damp and warm environment.
The urine also feeds these germs. The urethra is also responsible for transferring sperm or semen out through the penile orifice. Persons who indulge in unsafe sexual intercourse (without condoms) are at a great risk of contracting this disease as well as men who have many sexual partners.
Anal sex also adds to the chances of having this problem due to the germs in the anal cavity. Let us now see the process of diagnosis and treatment of urethritis in men with the help of modern medicine.
Effective Diagnosis of Urethritis
Urethritis is usually recognized through many different signs. The doctor will ask you a list of questions pertaining to possible symptoms like swelling in the penis and the surrounding area, itching in the perineum region, pain in the penis and the lower abdomen, burning and pain while urinating and any visible signs like redness or discoloration.
If you have any or all of these symptoms, he/she will recommend various tests that will need to be carried out by a professional. The first test that will be done is a urine analysis to detect evidence of pus or high numbers of harmful microorganisms. The urine culture will be compared to normal levels of organisms.
A complete rectal examination will be performed to physically check for swelling or inflammation that may not be visible outside. The prostrate gland will also be checked as it is also likely to get affected in case of an infection in the urethra.
The penis will be tested to see if there is any secretion of blood or pus either while urinating or otherwise. The doctor may also feel around the genital area to see if there are any lumps (this is a sign that even the lymph nodes are engorged due to the infection).
Suspected patients of urethritis are also checked for other STDs like syphilis and Chlamydia. The patient may also be suffering from mild urinary tract infection as well.
In some cases, doctors also take the aid of ultrasound scans to check for any internal swelling and infection.
Treatment Options for Urethritis
Urethritis is a completely curable disease with no possibility of relapse if treated properly. But lack of proper treatment can lead to life long damage that cannot be remedied.
Like any other infection, urethritis is also easily treated with the help of antibiotic medication which will kill all the harmful organisms. Your doctor may also prescribe a painkiller like ibuprofen to help alleviate the discomfort and bring the swelling down.
While a person is in the middle of such treatment, he will be asked to abstain from sexual activity and anything else that will irritate the infected area. It is also best to consume large amounts of fluids like water, fruit juice and vegetable extracts to help wash the infection out of the body.