Epididymitis is a medical condition that only affects the male population. A certain sac like organ called epididymis is located behind the scrotum or the testis.
The purpose of this sac is to store and let the spermatozoa grow into maturity till they are ready to be released during sexual activity. Any sort of inflammation, discomfort or pain in the sac is referred to as epididymitis.
Understanding The Conditions of the Disease
The most common causes or triggers for this problem are diseases that are transmitted through unprotected sexual intercourse. The organ provides a moist and warm environment which is ideal for the growth of harmful bacteria and fungus.
This is why this disease is prevalent mainly in males that are sexually active or have multiple sexual partners. It can also occur in men suffering from urinary tract infections or have had some sort of surgery in and around the scrotum. Certain medication can also help in the development of epididymitis.
A normal physical investigation carried out by a doctor will determine the existence and severity of the disease. Your physician may also need to run a Doppler test on you in case he/she is not sure of the diagnosis. Urine analysis is also another common diagnostic test.
This disease can be classified into two common types; acute epididymitis and chronic epididymitis. The first type is when the patient suddenly notices the symptoms and has no previous history of the problem.
In such cases the patient usually suffers from pain and discomfort. The second type of this disease is called chronic because a patient will probably have it for at least a few weeks. The problem may also come and go over a period of time but there is no permanent relief.
This problem is effectively treated through a complete course of antibiotic medication. Some natural remedies include cold towel treatment and keeping the testis in an elevated position also help in some cases.
Common Symptoms of Epididymitis
There are some common symptoms of epididymitis even though patients suffering from the chronic form of this problem may not show any such signs.
This is obviously the first symptom of this disease. It is said that most cases of testicular pain are caused by epididymitis. The person may suffer from pain in or around the scrotum.
There may also be pain during passing urine. The penis could also be uncomfortable during sexual intercourse. Tight underwear should not be worn in such cases.
Some men suffering from acute epididymitis complain of abnormal bouts of sweating especially while sleeping at night.
The penis may or may not secrete blood. In most cases traces of blood are seen in the semen during intercourse. This means that the infection has progressed and needs immediate attention.
Fever and Chills
When the disease advances to a serious stage, the patient may suffer from higher than normal body temperature. He may also shiver and complain of being cold and uncomfortable.
This term means that there is swelling and change in appearance of the scrotum. The patient may also detect a lump or bump in the testis that might not be visible but can be felt.