Don’t want to get pregnant anymore? Tired of having contraceptive pills to prevent pregnancy? Well, you can always go for female sterilization, to enjoy lovemaking with your partner without the fear of getting pregnant, ever in your life! Female sterilization, basically, works on the principle of preventing your ovum from coming into contact with your partner’s sperm, and it is achieved by following any one of three female sterilization options.
The Female Sterilization Options
Female Sterilization can be done by following any one of the three medical procedures mentioned below:
This process involves, tightly blocking the fallopian tube with the help of clamps or rings made of biocompatible material, to prevent the passage of the sperm through it, with the purpose of stopping the sperm from meeting the ovum, thus preventing fertilization. The process involves blocking the fallopian tubes with clamps made of plastic or titanium.
The other method involves making a loop in the fallopian tube and pulling it down a silicone ring, and then clamping it tightly to prevent the passage of the sperm through it to reach the ovum. The third method of tubal occlusion involves tying the fallopian tube and cutting it, resulting in the destruction of about 3-4 centimeters of the tube.
This procedure of Female Sterilization involves inserting contraceptive implants in the fallopian tubes, with the purpose of blocking a sperm from travelling up the fallopian tube to fertilize the ovum. This procedure involves inserting a micro-insert (a small metallic structure made of biocompatible titanium) into the fallopian tube with the aid of a hysteroscope( a slender tube with a telescope). The micro-insert, results in the formation of a scar tissue in the fallopian tube, leading to its blockage.
This Female Sterilization option, unlike Tubal Occlusion, does not involve cutting any part of the abdomen, and is performed by administering local anesthesia on you, to comfort you during the implantation process.
One should keep using contraceptives till the blockage of the fallopian tubes is confirmed by the medical procedures, Hysterosalpingogram(HSG) and Hysterosalpingo-Contrast-Sonography( HyCoSy).
Salpingectomy (Removal Of Fallopian Tubes)
If the earlier procedures of blocking the fallopian tubes fail due to some reason, removal of the fallopian tube is the next alternative to ensure Female Sterilization. This process is called Salpingectomy.
Choosing Between Tubal Occlusion And Hysteroscopic Sterilization
Women follow one of the sterilization procedures, Tubal Occlusion or Hysteroscopic Sterilization, after knowing about the characteristics of each.
Both the procedures can be conducted in the outpatient clinic of doctors. Tubal Occlusion involves you undergoing 1-2 abdominal incisions, while Hysteroscopic Sterilization does not involve any abdominal incisions.
You can resume normal activities within 1-3 days of undergoing Tubal Occulsion, while after undering Hysteroscopic sterilization you can normalize your activities within just a couple of days. Tubal occlusion involves administration of general anesthesia, whereas Hysteroscopic sterilization subjects you to only local anesthesia. Tubal occlusion involves the risk of injury to internal organs, internal bleeding and anesthesia complications.
Hysteroscopic sterilization may result in nausea or pain, cramping or discomfiture, and light bleeding or spotting. The effectiveness of Hysteroscopic Sterilization (99.95 %) is seen to be more than Tubal Occlusion (99.45%). It may appear that Hysteroscopic Sterilization stands out as the more advantageous between the two.
However, the effectiveness of the Tubular Occlusion is confirmed immediately after completion of the surgery, while it takes about 3 months in the case of Hysteroscopic Sterilization to confirm sterilization. Moreover, the number of successful placement of the micro-inserts is not very high which makes it a less foolproof method in comparison to Tubular Occlusion.
Contemplate Undergoing Female Sterilization
Female sterilization permanently stops your conception. It is an irreversible process and the few reversible processes available, are quite expensive. Hence, you should opt for this method of contraception only when you are completely sure that you do not want to conceive at any point of time in your life after undergoing the sterilization surgery.