The breasts are the first body parts to visibly change when a girl hits puberty. The average age for puberty is between 12 and 14 years. Till this age boys and girls have the same type of chest and nipples.
But as they grow into teenagers, they start looking more womanly and curvaceous. Due to the sudden and huge gush of hormones and other chemicals, the breasts start getting enlarged.
The transition is very gradual and the beasts will continue to grow for most of the girl’s teenage years. The main component of breast tissue is fat and they tend to grow and shrink as a woman gains or loses weight.
Contrary to popular belief, all breast problems do not automatically translate into cancer. There are various other issues that need to be addressed which can be as serious, if not more than cancer itself. Also most breast problems can affect women of all ages and there is no specific age group that suffers from them.
The best way to ensure good breast health is to perform monthly self breast examinations after the age of 21. You should visit a doctor for a professional checkup every year after you have had a baby.
Women who are menopausal or over the age of 45 should have annual mammograms to check for breast cancer or other issues. Here is a list of common breast health problems in women.
Different Breast Problems In Women’s
Lumps in the Breasts
This is the most common thing that worries women. If you find a lump in your breasts or underarm area during an examination, consult a doctor immediately to get a biopsy done. A biopsy is done to find out if the lump is malignant or benign. In most cases they do turn out to be harmless and non cancerous.
Other reasons for formation of breast lumps include fibrocystic breasts, hormonal changes, tissue abnormalities and approaching periods. A cancerous lump is usually hard and painless along with being irregularly shaped. It will appear to be stuck in one place and will not be free moving at all.
Cysts in the Breasts
Cysts can be described as small bags of liquid that occur as free entities. Most cyst formations are non cancerous and should not be worried about. Women approaching or undergoing menopause are prone to this problem.
Cysts tend to appear and subside on their own over a period of time. If there is any pain when you touch a cyst, your doctor will probably suck out the liquid through a syringe. Some cysts are invisible to the naked eye and may be detected only through an ultrasound scan.
General pain and Discomfort
If you are suffering from pain and discomfort, you must investigate the main reason behind it. Most instances of painful and overly sensitive breasts occur due to hormonal changes during the menstrual cycle.
Other reasons include ill-fitting undergarments, muscle injury, lack of support to the breast tissue during exercise and physical activity and even a ligament tear.
This is a worrisome problem if you are not currently pregnant or breastfeeding. Discharge from the nipples is usually a symptom of an underactive thyroid gland or poly cystic ovarian syndrome.