Gynecomastia is a relatively common medical condition that affects men. It can also affect children. However, it is more common in older individuals who have low testosterone levels in their body. Gynecomastia is also associated with medical conditions that affect male reproductive organs. It is characterized by swollen breasts or enlargement of breast tissue in men.
Its symptoms include pain, tenderness, discomfort near chest region, chest pressure, and mental stress associated with these changes. The severity of symptoms depends on the progression of disease. Let us try to understand more about gynecomastia symptoms.
Top Symptoms Of Gynecomastia
This is the primary symptom of gynecomastia. Male breast tissue can develop significantly and resemble breasts of a woman. As stated above, reduced testosterone levels can lead to abnormal hormonal changes in the body which result in breast development in men. Breasts are not significantly large in the initial stages.
This is the reason why gynecomastia goes unnoticed until the changes in breast tissue are apparent. Breast enlargement can be unilateral or bilateral. Asymmetry of breasts is commonly seen in patients suffering from gynecomastia.
In the initial stages of gynecomastia, pain may not be significant. However, pain and discomfort often occur with progression of disease. The intensity of pain depends on the severity of gynecomastia. Mild discomfort is constantly present with this disease.
Pain can be severe with inflammation or other types of worsening conditions with gynecomastia. Pain around nipple region is seen in patients who have enlarged nipples with gynecomastia. The surrounding tissue near breasts is often tender to touch. Pain can be easily elicited by touching breast tissue.
Mild gynecomastia experienced during puberty is a benign medical condition. Abnormal changes in the breast tissue can cause significant stress in men. Psychological changes often occur in male teenagers who experience mild gynecomastia due to natural hormonal changes.
Gynecomastia can cause significant stress and sometimes depression in younger individuals who are afraid of social acceptance due to this condition. Patients suffering from gynecomastia can also get easily anxious and become highly self-conscious. They may also experience behavioral changes over a period of time.
Patients suffering from gynecomastia may experience mild to moderate swelling of breast tissue. However, swelling of glandular tissue is the main symptom of gynecomastia. Swelling can be localized in some cases. For example: Swelling around the nipples is seen in individuals who have droopy nipples due to gynecomastia.
Mild generalized swelling of the breast is very common with this disease. Any type of abnormal glandular growth associated with gynecomastia can lead to significant swelling and inflammation of the breast, sometimes needing excision.
Although not common, lumps can be present in breast tissue. This is more common in patients who have complications with gynecomastia. These lumps can be benign or malignant in nature. Development of lumps with gynecomastia is a consequence of abnormal glandular changes due to accumulation of fat and other substances.
Discharge may also be seen as a result of development of lumps. Lumps can represent a solid mass or simply a cyst containing fluid. These lumps are often palpable on breast examination.
Mild gynecomastia normally occurs during puberty; however, it abates on its own. The symptoms include breast enlargement, pain, lumps, and swelling. Patients suffering from gynecomastia after puberty may need to consult their physician for proper control.