Prostate infection is a condition in which a man’s prostate gland and sometimes, the area surrounding it get inflamed and causes lots of pain. This condition is also known as prostatitis. There are several types of prostatitis like Acute Bacterial prostatitis,Chronic Bacterial Prostatitis, Chronic Nonbacterial Prostatitis and Asymtomatic Inflammatory prostatitis. Acute Bacterial Prostatitis is an infection that starts quickly and subsides too while Chronic Bacterial Prostatitis lasts for 3 months or more. Chronic Nonbacterial Prostatitis is not caused by any type of bacteria.
Each of this type of prostatitis has its own range of symptoms and adversely affect a man’s quality of life. Though the direct causes of prostatitis are not known by the medical fraternity but there are some accepted theories. Some cases are clearly linked with bacterial infections while others are related to injuries and trauma of pelvis or urinary tract area. Here, we will discuss the causes of bacterial and nonbacterial prostatitis, one by one.
Causes Of Acute And Chronic Bacterial Prostatitis
Acute bacterial prostatitis is caused by common strains of bacteria. In fact, any bacteria that can cause urinary tract infection can also cause bacterial prostatitis. The infection usually begins when the bacteria present in urine leaks into the prostate. Chronic prostatitis occurs when bacteria present in the body due to some other disease do not get killed by antibiotics completely and instead they hide in prostate.
Such people may experience pain but they may not carry any evidence of prostatitis. In men above 30 years of age E.Coli and other common bacteria can cause prostatitis after an episode of epididmytis (swelling of epididymis) , urethritis(swelling and irritation of urethra) or urinary tract infections.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Some Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) like Chlamydia and Gonorrhea can also cause bacterial prostatitis. These STDs can occur when people do not wear condoms while practicing anal sex or when one person has multiple sexual partners.
Sometime, Acute Prostatitis is caused by the problem of urethra or prostate itself. Urological problems include, bladder outlet obstruction, phimosis (a condition when foreskin of the penis cannot be pulled back), Injury to perineum (the area between scrotum and anus) and while carrying out some medical procedures like cystoscopy, prostate biopsy (when a piece of tissue is taken to look for cancer) or urinary catheter.
Men over 50 years or older generally face the problem of enlarged prostate. These people are more prone to catch prostatitis as the prostate gland may become blocked, paving a conducive way for the bacteria to grow. In fact, symptoms of chronic prostatitis can be quite similar to that of enlarged prostate gland.
Causes Of Chronic Nonbacterial Prostatitis
Possible causes of nonbacterial prostatitis include a bacterial prostatitis in past, irritation caused by a backup of urine flowing into the prostate, irritation from some kind of chemicals, parasites like trichomonads, sexual abuse, viruses, problems in pelvic floor muscle, etc. Sometimes life stresses and some psychological factors may also cause this type of infection.