Vaginal bleeding after sex is something that worries every woman who experiences it. By vaginal bleeding after sex, we mean bleeding either during sex or just after sex when a woman does not expect to be menstruating.
The bleeding generally occurs from the cervix of the vagina, especially in those women who have not experienced menopause. This phenomenon generally occurs in women between 20 – 40 years of age group.
Main Causes of Vaginal Bleeding After Sex
Vaginal Yeast Infection
Vaginal yeast infection is overgrowth of those fungi that inhabit in vaginal area naturally. Common symptoms of yeast infection include itching, burning while urinating and a curd like discharge.
Vaginal yeast infection can cause bleeding after sex.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)
STDs like Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, etc.can cause bleeding after sex. In fact, bleeding after sex is one of the main symptoms of these diseases.
Any kind of inflammation or infection of vagina is known as vaginitis. There are three types of vaginitis, yeast infection vaginitis, Trichomonas Vaginalis infection and non infectious vaginitis which can happen due to chemical irritation. Vaginitis can generally lead to pain and bleeding during and after sexual intercourse.
Trichomoniasis is also a sexually transmitted disease caused by single celled Protozoan parasite called Trichomonas Vaginalis . This protozoa produces mechanical stress on host cells and then ingests cell fragments after its death. The infection usually occurs in urogenital tract, mostly in urethra and vagina in women .This can further cause vaginitis in women, doubling up the chances of vaginal bleeding after sex.
Endometritis is inflammation of endometrium, the inner lining of uterus. The most common cause of endometriosis in a woman is infections like Chlamydia, gonorrhea, tuberculosis, etc.
Endometritis generally occurs in women after childbirth, miscarriage or a long lasting labor or C – section.
Uterine Polyps are overgrowth of tissue in endometrium. They are also known as endometrial polyps and are soft as opposed to uterine fibroids. They can cause heavy bleeding during menstrual periods and can also cause bleeding after sex.
Vaginal Atrophy is thinning and inflammation of vaginal walls due to decreased levels of estrogen levels. Vaginal Atrophy is generally experienced by menopausal women but in can also occur during breast feeding stages when estrogen levels are low in body. Vaginal atrophy makes intercourse painful and it also causes bleeding after sex.
Cervicitis refers to the infection of cervix in a woman. Cervicitis, generally results from STDs like Gonorrhea, Chlamydia, etc. in a woman.
Sometimes it occurs due to other reasons also. The infection in cervix leads to bleeding after sex.
Adequate lubrication is very important for women before they get involved in sex because lubrication helps in making friction pleasurable rather than a pain. On the contrary if the vagina is not properly lubricated then it can lead to bleeding after sex.
These are some of the major reasons behind post coital bleeding. It is very important to consult your doctor if you experience vaginal bleeding after sex to ascertain the actual reason behind the same and get treated accordingly.