Unprotected sex leaves us all confused as to how we can avoid unwanted pregnancy.. While the most primitive methods are inefficient and expensive too, some modern methods have appeared in the scene for our rescue.
These Birth Control measures may involve surgeries and implanting. Before you take a plunge in the bed, checkout the following effective birth control measures for both men and women.
7 Modern Birth Control Methods
Sterilization processes for men and women have garnered global popularity. Tubal Ligation is a process or preventing the fallopian tubes to carry the egg to the uterus. A non surgical approach known as the Essure includes placing coins in the tubes.
In men, Vasectomy is the process that is less risky than the ones used in females. It involves a minor surgery that cuts out the tube responsible for carrying the sperm from the testicles.
Shaped like a dome and made of rubber, a Diaphragm works by preventing the sperm from fertilizing an egg. Used with a spermicide, it covers the cervix and should better be fitted in a woman in presence of a doctor. However, the instrument should not be used in case of any bladder infections and if your weight fluctuates frequently.
Intra Uterine Devices are implanted in a woman’s vagina with surgery. Paragard and Mirena are the two most popular IUD’S. Paragard is a copper device that prevents the sperm from reaching the egg.
Mirena works by releasing hormones. The device is recommended for women who have already given birth at least once. When the device is implanted, the Uterus gets expanded causing immense pain in women who have never given birth. The method is expensive and not recommended for a short term use.
Condoms (Male and Female)
Also known as Famys, female condoms are made of polyurethane and soft plastic that prevents STD’s. It is deeply inserted into the vagina covering the cervix area. The condoms can be placed hours prior to the drive. However, male condoms are more effective in preventing STD’s and pregnancy. Broadly classified into Durex and Trojan, they can be easily worn and removed. Moreover, they are highly durable in preventing the sperm to leak out.
Perhaps the most common practice amongst teenagers is to undergo a dosage of emergency contraceptives after an unprotected sex. These are the birth control pills that must be taken within 72 hours of a sex drive.
The pills are extensively available over the counters at most pharmaceuticals. However, they are only allowed for women who are 18 + years of age.. Younger females may require a doctor’s prescription.
Patches are small sticker like thin objects that can be placed on shoulders, abdomens and buttocks.
They release hormones to keep you pregnancy free. Another type is in the shape and size of a matchstick that can be placed under the arm skin.
It is a plastic ring that releases Estrogen and progestin. The ring is placed in women’s Vagina and can work for upto 3 weeks. You may remove it for a week to have a successful period.