It is indeed concerning if your daily life and activities are affected by uncontrolled leaking of urine which leads you into bouts of depression and anxiety. Leaks in small amounts at irregular periods or female incontinence should be stopped before it interrupts your work and social life.
Your overactive urinary bladder may leak while running, exercising, coughing, and sneezing or by lifting weights, but can be treated successfully by following some effective measures:
How To Treat Leaks
Pelvic Muscle Exercises
Weakening and thinning of pelvic muscles is very common in women as they age due to stress, pregnancy or child birth. These exercises help in strengthening the muscles supporting the urinary bladder and thereby, controlling the urge and involuntary leak.
Pull in or just squeeze your pelvic muscles which are around your genital area as we do while trying to stop urine. Hold this pull for 10 seconds and then release the muscles. Rest for 10 seconds and then pull it again. Be careful that you are not pulling in your stomach or legs muscles.
Repeat the same way and perform 15-20 sets each day. Pelvic muscle exercises can be done anywhere and anytime and should be performed regularly for satisfactory results.
By using measuring devices such as electronic devices or diaries to keep track on bladder and urethral muscles, you get access on controlling their movements. It helps you in toning pelvic muscles and regaining bladder control.
Bladder Training or Timed Voiding
A chart is made by using Biofeedback to check voiding (urinating) and leaking. The patterns of the chart suggest the time to urinate to avoid leaking.
This helps in altering the bladder’s schedule for emptying and again storing urine. This is a very effective treatment in overflow incontinence.
The electrodes are placed in the vagina to stimulate its muscles for temporary relief. This helps in stabilizing the overactive muscles and also in stimulating contraction of the muscles. It works in the same way as pelvic floor muscles exercises and reduces urge and stress continence.
It is a very common device that is inserted into the vagina near the urethra. The pressure exerted by this ring shaped device helps in repositioning the urethra to stop leaks.
To avoid any infection, it is always advisable to consult your doctor regularly for follow ups and
Implants or Interjections
These are substances or bulking agents injected into tissues surrounding the urethra and the bladder neck. It thickens the tissues and closes the opening of the bladder to reduce leaks. This bulking agent may be a collagen or a part of your own fat to avoid the risk of infection caused by external bodies.
A catheter is used when the bladder does not empty completely because of some previous injury or surgery. It is a tube that is inserted into the bladder through the urethra to drain the urine.
Surgery is the last option when other treatments do not respond well. The drooping bladder is pulled and attached to muscles or ligaments by professional surgeons. It alleviates the problems connected with the bladder including leaks.
Ways Of Controlling The Bladder Functions
Regular exercise routine and diet charts should be followed to shed the extra kilos which put pressure on the bladder and compels it to urinate more frequently. Carbonated and caffeinated beverages such as colas, teas and coffees are advised to be avoided as they stimulate pressure on the bladder. Restrict your consumption of fluids in the evening time to avoid the urge of urinating at night.
Alcoholic drinks also interfere with the bladder operations. They should be consumed moderately if cannot be restricted fully. Cranberry juice, apple juice and grape juice are known as the bladder friendly fluids, as they prevent any kind of infection of the bladder which is related to leaks.
It is recommended to go to the bathroom at regular intervals and follow the clock unless you have the strong urge to pass urine in between. This will help in forming a pattern and controlling the bladder. Never run to the bathroom every time you have the urge, use pelvic muscle exercise and deep breathing to control the leak and go to bathroom only when the urge has been passed. This will help in controlling the functions of the bladder.
Urine incontinence or Leaks are treatable at all ages and care should be taken to treat it at the earliest so that it does not have a negative impact on your self esteem.